Living Islam

Tuesday, Mar 28th

Last update:10:52:35 AM GMT

You are here: Magazine Lest We Forget Lest We Forget …

Lest We Forget …

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In this issue the focus will be on occupied Palestine, home to the third holiest mosque in Islam. While South African Muslims have been hailed by the Palestinian leadership for their exemplary support, it exposes the rest of the Muslim world for their lack of support on the one hand, and the meagre resources that the Palestinians have in fighting the third strongest army in the world, on the other. The least we can do to honour the bravery and sacrifice of the Palestinian people is to be acquainted with the major atrocities which the Zionists have committed. The Q&A format briefly explains various pivotal events since the illegal

occupation of Palestine in 1948. We pray that Allah Almighty must ease the suffering of the Palestinian people and grant them victory over their enemies, Insha-Allah.

 

1. What is the Nakbah and briefly describe what happened in 1948.
Al-Nakbah or the catastrophe refers to the mass removal of 700,000 Palestinians forced from their land and being turned into refugees after defeat by the Israelis. The Israelis had declared the birth of the State of Israel on May 14, 1948. It had been preceded by a systematic terror and murder campaign upon Palestinian villages. The most notorious massacre occurred on 10 April, 1948 at Deir Yassin. Members of the Irgun terror gang surrounded the village at 4.30am and embarked on an orgy of killing, rape and looting that lasted 2 days. About 250 people were murdered in cold blood, including 52 children and 25 pregnant women. News of the massacre spread and frightened Palestinians fled in their thousands. In response to UN resolution 194 guaranteeing Palestinians safe return to their homes, Israel passed an ‘absentee law’ which allowed Jews to occupy homes of Palestinians who had fled.

2. Describe what happened at Sabra and Shatilla. On 15 September, 1982, Arial Sharon, Israeli defence minister ordered his troops to fence off the Palestinian refugee camps of Sabra and Shatilla. Then he sent Lebanese Christian Phalange militia into these camps with orders to wipe out all 2750 innocent Palestinian women, children and old men. Even horses were slaughtered. UN Resolution 521 classified the Sabra and Shatilla massacre as genocide. The Israeli Kahan Commission found Arial Sharon responsible for the massacre and recommended he be removed from public office. Sharon was elected Prime Minister in 2001.

3. What is the Intifadah and why did it happen?  Intifadah means uprising or shaking off (of Israeli occupation). It was sparked on 8 December, 1987 when an Israeli truck crashed into a group of Palestinians killing four people. At the subsequent funeral riots broke out signalling the start of the Intifadah. The uprising resulted mainly from the inhumane conditions under which Palestinians had to eke out an existence. They had lost over 30% of their land since 1967; over half a million of them were arrested in that time and their living conditions were not fit for animals. The Gaza strip had the highest population density in the world - 1600 people per km2. With Yasser Arafat in exile in Tunisia, the Intifadah was mobilized by the spiritual leader of Hamas, Sheikh Achmad Yassin. The brutality of the Zionist response included imprisoning over 50,000 Palestinians, including 12-year-old children, collective punishments, sealing off whole neighbourhoods, cutting off water and electricity supply and demolishing the houses of resistance fighters. The first Intifadah effectively lasted till October 1991 when the Madrid Conference was convened.

4. What is the Oslo Accord and why was it flawed?
The Intifadah under an emerging Islamic leadership had forced the Israelis to the negotiating table. However, the Israelis preferred to deal with Arafat’s PLO who had been considerably weakened by his support for Saddam Hussein in the 1991 Gulf War. Secret meetings were held in Oslo at the Norwegian foreign minister’s residence. On 13 September, 1993, Perez and Arafat signed the Declaration of Principles (DoP) on the White House lawn witnessed by President Bill Clinton. The DoP was a jumble of incomprehensible terms over which the Israelis had sole right of interpretation. Essentially it created two Bantustans out of the Gaza Strip and West Bank over which the Israelis had effective control. None of the Palestinian demands were addressed: return to the 1967 borders, return of the Palestinian refugees, status of Jerusalem and the removal of Jewish settlements in occupied territories.

5.  What was the Masjid Al Ghalil Massacre?  On 25 February, 1994, during Ramadaan, Baruch Goldstein, a Jewish settler doctor, entered the Ebrahim Mosque during the Fajr prayers and fired indiscriminately at the musallees with his Israeli army gun. The death toll was 69. Goldstein was elevated to hero status and his grave is now a place of pilgrimage and annual celebration for fundamentalist Jews.

6.  What caused the Al Aqsa Intifadah
The Israelis responded to the signing of the Oslo Accord by violating every aspect of Palestinian life.

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For example, the water consumption by Palestinians was restricted to 58 litres a day as opposed to 547 litres granted to settler Jews. These abuses were the background to Sharon’s provocative violation of the Al Aqsa Mosque in 2000, accompanied by thousands of Israeli soldiers. This deliberate act of provocation lit the match of Palestinian frustration which led to the Al Aqsa Intifadah..

7.  What is the scale of American aid to Israel • Since 1949, total USA aid amounted to 3 billion
• Total US aid to Israel is a third of total US foreign aid budget, even though Israel has one of the world’s highest per capita incomes.
• The per capita US aid to each Israeli amount to 5, compared to per Egyptian,

Living Islam

Tuesday, Mar 28th

Last update:10:52:35 AM GMT

You are here: Magazine Lest We Forget Lest We Forget …

Lest We Forget …

E-mail Print PDF

In this issue the focus will be on occupied Palestine, home to the third holiest mosque in Islam. While South African Muslims have been hailed by the Palestinian leadership for their exemplary support, it exposes the rest of the Muslim world for their lack of support on the one hand, and the meagre resources that the Palestinians have in fighting the third strongest army in the world, on the other. The least we can do to honour the bravery and sacrifice of the Palestinian people is to be acquainted with the major atrocities which the Zionists have committed. The Q&A format briefly explains various pivotal events since the illegal

occupation of Palestine in 1948. We pray that Allah Almighty must ease the suffering of the Palestinian people and grant them victory over their enemies, Insha-Allah.

 

1. What is the Nakbah and briefly describe what happened in 1948.
Al-Nakbah or the catastrophe refers to the mass removal of 700,000 Palestinians forced from their land and being turned into refugees after defeat by the Israelis. The Israelis had declared the birth of the State of Israel on May 14, 1948. It had been preceded by a systematic terror and murder campaign upon Palestinian villages. The most notorious massacre occurred on 10 April, 1948 at Deir Yassin. Members of the Irgun terror gang surrounded the village at 4.30am and embarked on an orgy of killing, rape and looting that lasted 2 days. About 250 people were murdered in cold blood, including 52 children and 25 pregnant women. News of the massacre spread and frightened Palestinians fled in their thousands. In response to UN resolution 194 guaranteeing Palestinians safe return to their homes, Israel passed an ‘absentee law’ which allowed Jews to occupy homes of Palestinians who had fled.

2. Describe what happened at Sabra and Shatilla. On 15 September, 1982, Arial Sharon, Israeli defence minister ordered his troops to fence off the Palestinian refugee camps of Sabra and Shatilla. Then he sent Lebanese Christian Phalange militia into these camps with orders to wipe out all 2750 innocent Palestinian women, children and old men. Even horses were slaughtered. UN Resolution 521 classified the Sabra and Shatilla massacre as genocide. The Israeli Kahan Commission found Arial Sharon responsible for the massacre and recommended he be removed from public office. Sharon was elected Prime Minister in 2001.

3. What is the Intifadah and why did it happen?  Intifadah means uprising or shaking off (of Israeli occupation). It was sparked on 8 December, 1987 when an Israeli truck crashed into a group of Palestinians killing four people. At the subsequent funeral riots broke out signalling the start of the Intifadah. The uprising resulted mainly from the inhumane conditions under which Palestinians had to eke out an existence. They had lost over 30% of their land since 1967; over half a million of them were arrested in that time and their living conditions were not fit for animals. The Gaza strip had the highest population density in the world - 1600 people per km2. With Yasser Arafat in exile in Tunisia, the Intifadah was mobilized by the spiritual leader of Hamas, Sheikh Achmad Yassin. The brutality of the Zionist response included imprisoning over 50,000 Palestinians, including 12-year-old children, collective punishments, sealing off whole neighbourhoods, cutting off water and electricity supply and demolishing the houses of resistance fighters. The first Intifadah effectively lasted till October 1991 when the Madrid Conference was convened.

4. What is the Oslo Accord and why was it flawed?
The Intifadah under an emerging Islamic leadership had forced the Israelis to the negotiating table. However, the Israelis preferred to deal with Arafat’s PLO who had been considerably weakened by his support for Saddam Hussein in the 1991 Gulf War. Secret meetings were held in Oslo at the Norwegian foreign minister’s residence. On 13 September, 1993, Perez and Arafat signed the Declaration of Principles (DoP) on the White House lawn witnessed by President Bill Clinton. The DoP was a jumble of incomprehensible terms over which the Israelis had sole right of interpretation. Essentially it created two Bantustans out of the Gaza Strip and West Bank over which the Israelis had effective control. None of the Palestinian demands were addressed: return to the 1967 borders, return of the Palestinian refugees, status of Jerusalem and the removal of Jewish settlements in occupied territories.

5.  What was the Masjid Al Ghalil Massacre?  On 25 February, 1994, during Ramadaan, Baruch Goldstein, a Jewish settler doctor, entered the Ebrahim Mosque during the Fajr prayers and fired indiscriminately at the musallees with his Israeli army gun. The death toll was 69. Goldstein was elevated to hero status and his grave is now a place of pilgrimage and annual celebration for fundamentalist Jews.

6.  What caused the Al Aqsa Intifadah
The Israelis responded to the signing of the Oslo Accord by violating every aspect of Palestinian life. For example, the water consumption by Palestinians was restricted to 58 litres a day as opposed to 547 litres granted to settler Jews. These abuses were the background to Sharon’s provocative violation of the Al Aqsa Mosque in 2000, accompanied by thousands of Israeli soldiers. This deliberate act of provocation lit the match of Palestinian frustration which led to the Al Aqsa Intifadah..

7.  What is the scale of American aid to Israel • Since 1949, total USA aid amounted to $133 billion
• Total US aid to Israel is a third of total US foreign aid budget, even though Israel has one of the world’s highest per capita incomes.
• The per capita US aid to each Israeli amount to $655, compared to $38 per Egyptian, $0,1 per African, and $6 per European.
• All past US loans have been forgiven by Congress.

8. Describe the wall and its effect on Palestinians
In 2002 the Israeli government approved the building of a wall to imprison Palestinians. The Israeli wall will be visible from outer space. Over 700 km long, 8m high with barbed wires, electrical fences, trenches, security towers and electronic sensors. It will cause economic strangulation from restrictions on freedom of movement; cut off medical access to hospitals; deny access to schools for students; and severely prolong ordinary journeys.  Several villages will lose all water supply. Israel stole more than half of Palestinian land in building this wall. Thus 6 million Israelis will have 90% of land and water, whereas 3,5 million Palestinians are pushed into what is left, locked behind gigantic walls in open air prisons, with no land, no water and little hope.

9. List  4 icons of the Palestinian struggle over the last few years

1. Yasser Arafat (24 August 1929 – 11 November 2004) He was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, President of the Palestinian National Authority, and leader of the secular Fatah political party, which he founded in 1959. Arafat spent much of his life fighting against Israel in the name of Palestinian Self-determination. Originally opposed to Israel's existence, he modified his position in 1988 when he accepted UN Security Council Resolution 242. Later in his career, Arafat engaged in a series of negotiations with the government of Israel to end the decades-long conflict between that country and the PLO. These included the Madrid Conference of 1991, the 1993 Oslo Accords and the 2000 Camp David Summit. In 1994, Arafat received the Nobel Peace Prize, together with Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres, for the negotiations at Oslo. During this time, Hamas and other militant organizations rose to power and shook the foundations of the authority Fatah under Arafat which e had established in the Palestinian Occupied Territories.

2.  Sheikh Ahmed Ismail Yassin (1937–2004, aged 66–67)
Sh Yassin was the co-founder, with Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi, of Hamas, a militant Palestinian political organization. He served as the spiritual leader of Hamas, the Islamic Resistance Movement, who was considered to be the main inspiration behind the Intifadah. He was arrested on 18 May 1989 by the Israelis and imprisoned. He was totally disabled from the neck downwards and his son had to stay in prison to look after him. In 2004 he was assassinated by an Israeli helicopter gunship. His janazah was attended by 200,000 Palestinians.

 

 

3.  Layla Khalid

Born to a relatively well-to-do family of eight children, Layla Khalid found herself in Lebanon after her hometown fell into the hands of armed Zionists. She entered the American University of Beirut in 1962 and joined the Movement of Arab Nationalists. She left the next year to teach in Kuwait, where, in 1968, she joined the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). She returned to Amman, where she attended paramilitary training courses. On August 29, 1969, she participated in the hijacking of a Trans World Airlines plane enroute to Damascus. On September 6, 1970, she participated in an unsuccessful hijacking attempt of an El Al plane, for which she was sentenced to prison in London. She was released in a matter of weeks and became a member of the Central Committee of the PFLP.

4. Dr Abdul Aziz Rantisi (1947 - 2004) Rantisi, pediatrician; co-founder and principal spokesman of Hamas was considered one of the movement's most uncompromising leaders. He became Hamas leader in the Gaza Strip on the assassination of Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, 22 March 2004. Married with six children; his base was the Shaykh Radwan area of Gaza City.

He knew that he was a marked man as soon as he took office, but declined to go underground and was philosophical about the prospect of assassination He said: “It's death whether by killing or by cancer; it's the same thing," the day after he was chosen Hamas leader in Gaza. “Nothing will change if it's an Apache (helicopter) or cardiac arrest. But I prefer to be killed by Apache.”  Rantisi was assassinated in an Israeli helicopter missile strike, as he returned from a clandestine visit to his family on 17 April, 2004.

 

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,1 per African, and per European.
• All past US loans have been forgiven by Congress.

8. Describe the wall and its effect on Palestinians
In 2002 the Israeli government approved the building of a wall to imprison Palestinians. The Israeli wall will be visible from outer space. Over 700 km long, 8m high with barbed wires, electrical fences, trenches, security towers and electronic sensors. It will cause economic strangulation from restrictions on freedom of movement; cut off medical access to hospitals; deny access to schools for students; and severely prolong ordinary journeys.  Several villages will lose all water supply. Israel stole more than half of Palestinian land in building this wall. Thus 6 million Israelis will have 90% of land and water, whereas 3,5 million Palestinians are pushed into what is left, locked behind gigantic walls in open air prisons, with no land, no water and little hope.

9. List  4 icons of the Palestinian struggle over the last few years

1. Yasser Arafat (24 August 1929 – 11 November 2004) He was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, President of the Palestinian National Authority, and leader of the secular Fatah political party, which he founded in 1959. Arafat spent much of his life fighting against Israel in the name of Palestinian Self-determination. Originally opposed to Israel's existence, he modified his position in 1988 when he accepted UN Security Council Resolution 242. Later in his career, Arafat engaged in a series of negotiations with the government of Israel to end the decades-long conflict between that country and the PLO. These included the Madrid Conference of 1991, the 1993 Oslo Accords and the 2000 Camp David Summit. In 1994, Arafat received the Nobel Peace Prize, together with Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres, for the negotiations at Oslo. During this time, Hamas and other militant organizations rose to power and shook the foundations of the authority Fatah under Arafat which e had established in the Palestinian Occupied Territories.

2.  Sheikh Ahmed Ismail Yassin (1937–2004, aged 66–67)
Sh Yassin was the co-founder, with Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi, of Hamas, a militant Palestinian political organization. He served as the spiritual leader of Hamas, the Islamic Resistance Movement, who was considered to be the main inspiration behind the Intifadah. He was arrested on 18 May 1989 by the Israelis and imprisoned. He was totally disabled from the neck downwards and his son had to stay in prison to look after him. In 2004 he was assassinated by an Israeli helicopter gunship. His janazah was attended by 200,000 Palestinians.

 

 

3.  Layla Khalid

Born to a relatively well-to-do family of eight children, Layla Khalid found herself in Lebanon after her hometown fell into the hands of armed Zionists. She entered the American University of Beirut in 1962 and joined the Movement of Arab Nationalists. She left the next year to teach in Kuwait, where, in 1968, she joined the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). She returned to Amman, where she attended paramilitary training courses. On August 29, 1969, she participated in the hijacking of a Trans World Airlines plane enroute to Damascus. On September 6, 1970, she participated in an unsuccessful hijacking attempt of an El Al plane, for which she was sentenced to prison in London. She was released in a matter of weeks and became a member of the Central Committee of the PFLP.

4. Dr Abdul Aziz Rantisi (1947 - 2004) Rantisi, pediatrician; co-founder and principal spokesman of Hamas was considered one of the movement's most uncompromising leaders. He became Hamas leader in the Gaza Strip on the assassination of Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, 22 March 2004. Married with six children; his base was the Shaykh Radwan area of Gaza City.

He knew that he was a marked man as soon as he took office, but declined to go underground and was philosophical about the prospect of assassination He said: “It's death whether by killing or by cancer; it's the same thing," the day after he was chosen Hamas leader in Gaza. “Nothing will change if it's an Apache (helicopter) or cardiac arrest. But I prefer to be killed by Apache.”  Rantisi was assassinated in an Israeli helicopter missile strike, as he returned from a clandestine visit to his family on 17 April, 2004.

 

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Polls

Have you really benefited from Ramadan






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Who's Online

We have 211 guests online

Shout Box

Latest Message: 1 year, 9 months ago
  • thabiet.davi : Ramadan Kareem to all Muslim Sisters and Brothers .
  • balaski : «link» dan «link»
  • balaski : «link» - Rental Mobil Jogja «link» «link» «link» «link»
  • balaski : «link»
  • nuha.dramat : O Allah multiply my share in this month on account of its abundant blessings, make easy and smooth my means and ways to reach its mercy and bounties and do not prevent me from getting its good. O He who guides unto the clear truth.

Only registered users are allowed to post