Islam and the Environment
The teachings of Islam cover all facets of life. Precepts on the relationship between human beings (either directly or indirectly) and the environment are primarily available in the primary sources of Islam viz. the Quran and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (Ahadith). The other two sources of knowledge on the subject matter in focus, are the Ijma (consensus of the scholars) and Qiyas (analogy). However, the Quran and Ahadith are regarded as the pivotal sources of most of the primary literature related specifically to the environment.
The environment, is Allah's creation. The creation of this earth and all its natural resources is a sign of His Wisdom, Mercy, Power and His other Attributes and therefore serves to develop human awareness and understanding of Allah.
Muslims should seek to protect and preserve the environment because by so doing they protect Allah's creatures which pray to Him and praise Him. Humankind might not be able to understand how these creatures praise Allah but this does not mean that they do not do so, Allah says in Quran: (The seven heavens and the earth, and all that is therein, glorify Him and there is not a thing but glorifies His Praise. But you understand not